Module

std/testing/snapshot.ts

Deno standard library
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import * as mod from "https://deno.land/std@0.167.0/testing/snapshot.ts";

A snapshotting library.

The assertSnapshot function will create a snapshot of a value and compare it to a reference snapshot, which is stored alongside the test file in the __snapshots__ directory.

// example_test.ts
import { assertSnapshot } from "https://deno.land/std@0.167.0/testing/snapshot.ts";

Deno.test("isSnapshotMatch", async function (t): Promise<void> {
  const a = {
    hello: "world!",
    example: 123,
  };
  await assertSnapshot(t, a);
});
// __snapshots__/example_test.ts.snap
export const snapshot = {};

snapshot[`isSnapshotMatch 1`] = `
{
  example: 123,
  hello: "world!",
}
`;

Calling assertSnapshot in a test will throw an AssertionError, causing the test to fail, if the snapshot created during the test does not match the one in the snapshot file.

Updating Snapshots:

When adding new snapshot assertions to your test suite, or when intentionally making changes which cause your snapshots to fail, you can update your snapshots by running the snapshot tests in update mode. Tests can be run in update mode by passing the --update or -u flag as an argument when running the test. When this flag is passed, then any snapshots which do not match will be updated.

deno test --allow-all -- --update

Note: In Powershell, you need to quote --.

deno test --allow-all "--" --update

Additionally, new snapshots will only be created when this flag is present.

Permissions:

When running snapshot tests, the --allow-read permission must be enabled, or else any calls to assertSnapshot will fail due to insufficient permissions. Additionally, when updating snapshots, the --allow-write permission must also be enabled, as this is required in order to update snapshot files.

The assertSnapshot function will only attempt to read from and write to snapshot files. As such, the allow list for --allow-read and --allow-write can be limited to only include existing snapshot files, if so desired.

Options:

The assertSnapshot function optionally accepts an options object.

// example_test.ts
import { assertSnapshot } from "https://deno.land/std@0.167.0/testing/snapshot.ts";

Deno.test("isSnapshotMatch", async function (t): Promise<void> {
  const a = {
    hello: "world!",
    example: 123,
  };
  await assertSnapshot(t, a, {
    // options
  });
});

You can also configure default options for assertSnapshot.

// example_test.ts
import { createAssertSnapshot } from "https://deno.land/std@0.167.0/testing/snapshot.ts";

const assertSnapshot = createAssertSnapshot({
  // options
});

When configuring default options like this, the resulting assertSnapshot function will function the same as the default function exported from the snapshot module. If passed an optional options object, this will take precedence over the default options, where the value provded for an option differs.

It is possible to "extend" an assertSnapshot function which has been configured with default options.

// example_test.ts
import { createAssertSnapshot } from "https://deno.land/std@0.167.0/testing/snapshot.ts";
import { stripColor } from "https://deno.land/std@0.167.0/fmt/colors.ts";

const assertSnapshot = createAssertSnapshot({
  dir: ".snaps",
});

const assertMonochromeSnapshot = createAssertSnapshot<string>(
  { serializer: stripColor },
  assertSnapshot,
);

Deno.test("isSnapshotMatch", async function (t): Promise<void> {
  const a = "\x1b[32mThis green text has had it's colours stripped\x1b[39m";
  await assertMonochromeSnapshot(t, a);
});
// .snaps/example_test.ts.snap
export const snapshot = {};

snapshot[`isSnapshotMatch 1`] = `This green text has had it's colours stripped`;

Version Control:

Snapshot testing works best when changes to snapshot files are comitted alongside other code changes. This allows for changes to reference snapshots to be reviewed along side the code changes that caused them, and ensures that when others pull your changes, their tests will pass without needing to update snapshots locally.

Functions

Make an assertion that actual matches a snapshot. If the snapshot and actual do not a match, then throw.

Default serializer for assertSnapshot.