deno.land / x / cors@v1.2.2

cors

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CORS is a Deno.js module for providing a Oak/Opine/Abc/Attain/Mith middleware that can be used to enable CORS with various options.

Usage

Simple Usage (Enable All CORS Requests)

import { Application, Router, send } from "https://deno.land/x/oak/mod.ts";
import { oakCors } from "https://deno.land/x/cors/mod.ts";

const books = new Map<string, any>();
books.set("1", {
  id: "1",
  title: "Frankenstein",
  author: "Mary Shelley",
});

const router = new Router();
router
  .get("/", async (context) => {
    await send(context, context.request.url.pathname, {
      root: `${Deno.cwd()}/static`,
      index: "index.html",
    });
  })
  .get("/book", (context) => {
    context.response.body = Array.from(books.values());
  })
  .get("/book/:id", (context) => {
    if (context.params && context.params.id && books.has(context.params.id)) {
      context.response.body = books.get(context.params.id);
    }
  });

const app = new Application();
app.use(oakCors()); // Enable CORS for All Routes
app.use(router.routes());

console.info("CORS-enabled web server listening on port 8000");
await app.listen({ port: 8000 });

Enable CORS for a Single Route

import { Application, Router } from "https://deno.land/x/oak/mod.ts";
import { oakCors } from "https://deno.land/x/cors/mod.ts";

const books = new Map<string, any>();
books.set("1", {
  id: "1",
  title: "Frankenstein",
  author: "Mary Shelley",
});

const router = new Router();
router
  .get("/book", (context) => {
    context.response.body = Array.from(books.values());
  })
  // Enable CORS for a Single Route
  .get("/book/:id", oakCors(), (context) => {
    if (context.params.id && books.has(context.params.id)) {
      context.response.body = books.get(context.params.id);
    }
  });

const app = new Application();
app.use(router.routes());

console.info("CORS-enabled web server listening on port 8000");
await app.listen({ port: 8000 });

Configuring CORS

import { Application, Router } from "https://deno.land/x/oak/mod.ts";
import { oakCors } from "https://deno.land/x/cors/mod.ts";

const books = new Map<string, any>();
books.set("1", {
  id: "1",
  title: "Frankenstein",
  author: "Mary Shelley",
});

const router = new Router();
router.get("/book", (context) => {
  context.response.body = Array.from(books.values());
});

const app = new Application();
app.use(
  oakCors({
    origin: /^.+localhost:(1234|3000)$/,
    optionsSuccessStatus: 200, // some legacy browsers (IE11, various SmartTVs) choke on 204
  }),
);
app.use(router.routes());

console.info("CORS-enabled web server listening on port 8000");
await app.listen({ port: 8000 });

Configuring CORS w/ Dynamic Origin

This module supports validating the origin dynamically using a function provided to the origin option. This function will be passed a string that is the origin (or undefined if the request has no origin), and a callback with the signature callback(error, origin).

The origin argument to the callback can be any value allowed for the origin option of the middleware, except a function. See the configuration options section for more information on all the possible value types.

This function is designed to allow the dynamic loading of allowed origin(s) from a backing dataSource, like a database.

import { Application, Router } from "https://deno.land/x/oak/mod.ts";
import { oakCors } from "https://deno.land/x/cors/mod.ts";

const sleep = (ms: number) =>
  new Promise((resolve) => {
    setTimeout(resolve, ms);
  });

const loadOriginsFromDataBase = async () => {
  await sleep(3000);
  return ["http://localhost:1234", "http://localhost:3000"];
};

const books = new Map<string, any>();
books.set("1", {
  id: "1",
  title: "Frankenstein",
  author: "Mary Shelley",
});

const corsOptions: CorsOptions = {
  origin: async (requestOrigin) => {
    const origins = await loadOriginsFromDataBase(); // Simulate asynchronous task

    return origins; //  Reflect (enable) the requested origin in the CORS response for this origins
  },
};

const router = new Router();
router.get("/book", oakCors(corsOptions), (context) => {
  context.response.body = Array.from(books.values());
});

const app = new Application();
app.use(router.routes());

console.info("CORS-enabled web server listening on port 8000");
await app.listen({ port: 8000 });

If you do not want to block REST tools or server-to-server requests, add a !requestOrigin check in the origin function like so:

const corsOptions = {
  origin: (requestOrigin) => {
    if (!requestOrigin) {
      return true;
    } else {
      thrown new Error("Not allowed by CORS");
    }
  },
};

Enabling CORS Pre-Flight

Certain CORS requests are considered 'complex' and require an initial OPTIONS request (called the "pre-flight request"). An example of a 'complex' CORS request is one that uses an HTTP verb other than GET/HEAD/POST (such as DELETE) or that uses custom headers. To enable pre-flighting, you must add a new OPTIONS handler for the route you want to support:

import { Application, Router } from "https://deno.land/x/oak/mod.ts";
import { oakCors } from "https://deno.land/x/cors/mod.ts";

const books = new Map<string, any>();
books.set("1", {
  id: "1",
  title: "Frankenstein",
  author: "Mary Shelley",
});

const router = new Router();
router
  .options("/book/:id", oakCors()) // enable pre-flight request for OPTIONS request
  .delete("/book/:id", oakCors(), (context) => {
    if (context.params && context.params.id && books.has(context.params.id)) {
      books.delete(context.params.id);
      context.response.body = { ok: true };
    }
  });

const app = new Application();
app.use(router.routes());

console.info("CORS-enabled web server listening on port 8000");
await app.listen({ port: 8000 });

NOTE: When using this middleware as an application level middleware (for example, app.use(oakCors())), pre-flight requests are already handled for all routes.

Configuring CORS Asynchronously

import { Application, Router } from "https://deno.land/x/oak/mod.ts";
import { oakCors } from "https://deno.land/x/cors/mod.ts";

const sleep = (ms: number) =>
  new Promise((resolve) => {
    setTimeout(resolve, ms);
  });

const books = new Map<string, any>();
books.set("1", {
  id: "1",
  title: "Frankenstein",
  author: "Mary Shelley",
});

const whitelist = ["http://localhost:1234", "http://localhost:3000"];

const corsOptionsDelegate: CorsOptionsDelegate<Request> = async (request) => {
  const isOriginAllowed = whitelist.includes(
    request.headers.get("origin") ?? "",
  );

  await sleep(3000); // Simulate asynchronous task

  return { origin: isOriginAllowed }; //  Reflect (enable) the requested origin in the CORS response if isOriginAllowed is true
};

const router = new Router();
router.get("/book/:id", oakCors(corsOptionsDelegate), (context) => {
  context.response.body = Array.from(books.values());
});

const app = new Application();
app.use(router.routes());

console.info("CORS-enabled web server listening on port 8000");
await app.listen({ port: 8000 });

Configuration Options

  • origin: Configures the Access-Control-Allow-Origin CORS header. Possible values:
    • Boolean - set origin to true to reflect the request origin, as defined by req.header('Origin'), or set it to false to disable CORS.
    • String - set origin to a specific origin. For example if you set it to "http://example.com" only requests from "http://example.com" will be allowed.
    • RegExp - set origin to a regular expression pattern which will be used to test the request origin. If it's a match, the request origin will be reflected. For example the pattern /example\.com$/ will reflect any request that is coming from an origin ending with "example.com".
    • Array - set origin to an array of valid origins. Each origin can be a String or a RegExp. For example ["http://example1.com", /\.example2\.com$/] will accept any request from "http://example1.com" or from a subdomain of "example2.com".
    • Function - set origin to a function implementing some custom logic. The function takes the request origin as the first parameter and a callback (called as callback(err, origin), where origin is a non-function value of the origin option) as the second.
  • methods: Configures the Access-Control-Allow-Methods CORS header. Expects a comma-delimited string (ex: 'GET,PUT,POST') or an array (ex: ['GET', 'PUT', 'POST']).
  • allowedHeaders: Configures the Access-Control-Allow-Headers CORS header. Expects a comma-delimited string (ex: 'Content-Type,Authorization') or an array (ex: ['Content-Type', 'Authorization']). If not specified, defaults to reflecting the headers specified in the request's Access-Control-Request-Headers header.
  • exposedHeaders: Configures the Access-Control-Expose-Headers CORS header. Expects a comma-delimited string (ex: 'Content-Range,X-Content-Range') or an array (ex: ['Content-Range', 'X-Content-Range']). If not specified, no custom headers are exposed.
  • credentials: Configures the Access-Control-Allow-Credentials CORS header. Set to true to pass the header, otherwise it is omitted.
  • maxAge: Configures the Access-Control-Max-Age CORS header. Set to an integer to pass the header, otherwise it is omitted.
  • preflightContinue: Pass the CORS preflight response to the next handler.
  • optionsSuccessStatus: Provides a status code to use for successful OPTIONS requests, since some legacy browsers (IE11, various SmartTVs) choke on 204.

The default configuration is the equivalent of:

{
  "origin": "*",
  "methods": "GET,HEAD,PUT,PATCH,POST,DELETE",
  "preflightContinue": false,
  "optionsSuccessStatus": 204
}

Examples

Document example can be found here:

License

MIT License

cors
Deno.js CORS middleware
GitHub Stars
50

Version Info

Tagged at
a year ago

External Dependencies